Friday, July 20, 2007
1) In 1975, China’s urban population comprised just 17% of the total. By 2004, that figure had reached 40%. In India, by contrast, that figure rose from 21% to 29%. Belgium has the highest percentage of urban population of any non city-state in the world at 94%.
2) China’s emergence as an economic power is remarkable when looked at over longer periods of time. In 1975, the country’s per capita income was only 76% of that of Burkina Faso. Today’s it’s 5 times as high.
3) In 1989, the fertility rate in Vietnam was 3.8 children per woman. By 2004, that was down to 1.8- comparable to the fertility rate in the US (1.77).
4) New Zealand has the highest rate of internet usage in the world, at 788 users per 1000 population. The lowest rate of internet penetration is in Tajikistan, with usage of 0.78 per 1000 population.
5) Life expectancy in South Africa has fallen from 63 in 1992 to 45 in 2004, which demonstrates the magnitude of the public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa posed by HIV.
6) The country with the most sexually-liberated workforce is Mozambique, where women comprise 54% of the total labour force. The most male-dominated workforce is in the UAE, where just 13% of the workforce are women. There is little to no correlation between women as a percentage of the workforce and wealth/income; rather, it appears to be a function of cultural preferences.
7) The nation with the world’s largest per capita carbon emissions is Trinidad and Tobago (32 tons per capita); the country with the fewest emissions is Chad (0.015 tons per capita).
8) The country with the largest military budget as a percentage of total fiscal spending in the world is....Singapore, at 30%. The largest big-country military spend as a percentage of total is Pakistan, with 28%. In the US, 19% of the budget spend is allocated to the military- that’s up from 16% in 2001. The lowest military spend in the world is by Mauritius, with just 0.91% of fiscal expenditure going towards the military.
All data courtesy of www.gapminder.org, where you can see all this data and more presented in a unique graphical format using the Gapminder World tool.